Research Paper Sections

A research paper is an important document used in schools to grade the ability and knowledge of students. The paper contains various sections, namely the title, abstract, introduction, a chapter on methodology, body, and finally, the conclusion. But the sections can be optional based on the level and type of paper you are writing. 

The sections of a research paper must be linked with each other to get a smooth flow of ideas. It means that the arrangement has to be in a logical way, and the paper structured in a manner that the audience can easily pick the necessary vital information. Some even say that the paper’s outline is a methodical description of the research subject, complete with examples for illustrations.

The Outline of a Research Paper

Different sections make up a research paper, and each section has a different set of rules that enforces clarity and excellent articulation and development of the subject to its logical conclusion. The essential parts include the following.

  • Title Page. It forms a vital part of the research paper, and it always follows a specific formatting style that the student has settled on. For instance, a title page is only essential if required by your instructor if you employ the MLA style format in writing your research paper. However, for cases in which you must use the APA style of formatting, you need to make the title page the initial page of the document. No requirement has to get adhered to when it comes to the necessary arrangements for the MLA format, unlike the APA system, where the page must have a running head, your research subject, name, and finally, the name of the school.
  • Abstract. It is also a critical research paper section containing the objective, summary, and the paper’s goals. An abstract in this kind of paper should have a hundred to five hundred words. The section should summarize the entire research, and this should include the problems, themes, and conclusions. Ensure that you avoid including references and figures in this section.
  • Introduction. In this section, give a brief objective or explanation by listing critical points. Ensure that the account is short and fascinating enough to nudge the reader to continue reading the research piece. Include a thesis statement to display your perspective concerning the subject and the foundation of the entire research paper.
  • The framework and methodology chapter. The section contains a detailed and comprehensive report of the research process. Avoid including comments to ensure objectivity in the presentation of the facts. Such objectivity will allow other individuals who wish to research within the same field a platform to repeat the process and compare their results with your results. It mainly describes the research topic, study and method tools, and analysis tools and methods employed to summarize the final research outcomes. But remember that you don’t need to report the results in this section. 
  • Body chapters. It comprises the research paper section with most details concerning the primary points but under distinct paragraphs. Include the methodology discussions complete with examples, figures, and tables and, if possible, with their respective citations. Also, showcase your prowess with excellent grammar and excellent sentence structure to earn more marks when getting graded.
  • Conclusion. The section always represents a brief summarization of the entire research paper. Always endeavor to avoid introducing fresh information and stick to reaffirming the thesis statement.


It is always important to recognize, define, and adequately apply each research paper section to achieve a top rate research paper successfully.